Monday, August 28, 2006

Some Definitions

byte: A group of eight bits. (MIDI bytes consist of ten bits because each byte includes a start bit and a stop bit, with eight bits in the middle to convey information.)

kilobyte (Kb): Linguistically speaking, a thousand bytes. In practice, a kilobyte generally contains 1,024 bytes.

megabyte (Mb): Linguistically speaking, a million bytes. In practice, a megabyte often contains 1,024 kilobytes.

gigabyte: One billion (for British viewers, one thousand million) bytes.

[ memory definitions ]

EPS: Encapsulated PostScript. A PostScript file format used to transfer a graphic image between applications and platforms. EPS files contain PostScript code as well as an optional preview image in TIFF, WMF, PICT or EPSI, the latter being an ASCII-only format. Adobe Illustrator has its own variation of EPS, which is an EPS subset, thus, both Illustrator EPS and standard EPS files are in use.

GIF: Graphics Interchange Format. A compact file format which is ideal for graphics that use only a few colors. GIF images are limited to 256 colors and are still the most widely used picture format for the web.

JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG format compresses graphics of photographic color depth. This compression makes JPEG files smaller and quicker to download. The image deteriorates in quality as you ad compression.

PDF: Portable Document Format. Developed by Adobe. PDF files have become a popular way to exchange platform independent documents which are viewable using the free Adobe Acrobat reader. PDF's are now editable using Adobe Illustrator which is an advancement only made in the past couple of years.

PNG: (pronounced "ping") is the Portable Network Graphics format. A PGN is a format for storing bitmapped (raster)images on computers. Unofficially its acronym stands for "PGN's Not GIF." PNG 24 files offer higher quality and lossless image archiving when required maximum quality is needed. PGN 8 files may contain 256 or less (which you will notices is the same as a GIF), however the quality is generally higher and the compression is generally smaller than a GIF.

TIFF: Tag Image File Format. TIFF is a common format for exchanging raster graphics (bitmap) images between application programs, including those used for scanner images. A TIFF file can be identified as a file with a ".tiff" or ".tif" file name suffix. One of the most common graphic image formats, TIFF files are commonly used in desktop publishing, faxing, 3-D applications, and medical imaging applications.

These definitions are taken from google hits and are more information than you need to really know at this point. We will revisit these terms so for now you should just know that they exist as terminology and the basic meaning of what they are. We will discuss further which type of image is correct for your application and since we did not discuss an EPS we will do so in the next class. I will post an overview of the next class by next Monday. Generally I will post the projects and any notes on the blog the day of the class and we will reference them in class.

Sunday, August 27, 2006

Intro to Mac

Basic introduction to working with the Mac.
[ mac intro ]

Project 1

Open your image in Photoshop.

Under the main menu select image > image size.

Change the image width to 3", use the proportion for height you are given, change the resolution to 300dpi, click ok.

Under the main menu click on file > save as. For the first image you will need to set up a new folder so click 'new folder' at the bottom of the pop-up. Name your folder: comd211 project 1.

Save your original image as: name_original.jpg.

Another pop-up will show, make sure your quality is set as 12 and then save the image.

Modify the subsequent files and save each as name_technique.jpg. Make sure the image quality is set at 12. Once you have modified your original image you do not need to change the image size or the resolution of each image.

Complete 30 modifications plus your 1 original image. Take notes for each for the technique used to obtain the result. When you save the file you can just use the simple name of the technique used (eg: name_brush strokes.jpg). This exercise will be part of your process book for this course.

Friday, August 25, 2006

Reference Books

Not required, but good resources:

Adobe InDesign CS2 Hands-On Training, Brian Wood

Adobe Illustrator CS Hands-On Training, Jeff Van West

Adobe Photoshop CS2 Classroom in a Book, Adobe Creative Team

Photoshop CS2 Bible, Laurie Ulrich Fuller and Deke McClelland

There may be a new version of the Illustrator HOT for CS2 but it is currently not listed on Amazon. You might check other places if you would like additional reference guides for the programs we will be using.

Thursday, August 24, 2006


Design Procedures is a set of two courses on the basic technical preparation of artwork for publication. Computer-production techniques as well as handcrafting presentation skills are taught in the context of simulated professional job processes. The course develops technical skills that are necessary to produce publications in the graphic design and advertising professions, to provide instruction of publishing methods needed to produce assignment solutions for other Communications Design Department studio courses, and to develop an understanding of how technical processes relate to the creative design process.

Michael Gray, 917 599 6763,

Programs Discussed:
Adobe Illustrator CS2; Adobe InDesign CS2; Adobe Photoshop CS2

The continued registration of any student is contingent upon regular attendance, the quality of work and proper conduct. Irregular attendance, neglect of work, failure to comply with Institute rules and official notices or conduct not consistent with general good order are regarded as sufficient reasons for dismissal.

There are no unexcused absences or cuts. Students are expected to attend all classes. Any unexcused absences may affect the final grade. Three unexcused absences may result in course failure at the discretion of the instructor.

You are expected to attend every class meeting. Please do not come to class late. Multiple tardies will result in a drop of letter grade. Full information on the attendance policy can be found in the student handbook.

Demonstration of assignment subject comprehension, 25%
Handskills, 25%
Technical skills, 25%
Fulfillment of assignment specifications, 15%
Deadline adherence, 10%

A, Exceptional; B, Very good; C, Average; D, Below-average; F, Failing

Sep 04, Labor Day
Dec 04, Last Class
Dec 12, Sophomore Survey, 10a – 2p

Materials and Readings:
Additional resources will be announced in class and added to the blog.